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2020考研英语作文预测:环境保护类


文章来源:网络整理  点击次数:  更新时间:2019-09-12  

  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

  1)describe the drawing briefly.

  2)explain its intended meaning, and

  3)give you comments.

  预测范文

  The human history has been considered as a course of man’s migration from the country to the city, so urbanization is seen as the symbol of human civilization. Nevertheless, as is shown in the cartoon, as we enjoy the conveniences of urban life,we also have to suffer many problems that urbanization brings to us. Among them,the environmental pollution is one of the most serious.

  To begin with, the explosion of city population causes harm to our natural environment. The growing urban population damages the ecosystem with a huge amount of household rubbish. Rubbish hills dumped on the outskirts are a case in point. Even if people bury or burn the waste, it may bring about soil or air pollutions.Furthermore,hundreds of tons of waste water from factories are contaminating city rivers day and night.Gone are the days when people enjoyed swimming in the river and fishing on the bank. Sometimes, worse still, untreated sewage pouring from chemical factories poisons directly urban water supply. Drinkable water has become a rare resource, and people have to take in somewhat polluted water. Then one of its results has been the emergence ofmany new diseases and more and more cancer cases.

  Accordingly, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures. For one thing, we should appeal to the authorities to make strict laws to control urbanization. For another, we should enhance the awareness of people that sustainable development is extremely vital to us.

  参考译文

  人类历史就是人类从乡村迁移到城市的过程,因此城市化被视为人类文明的象征。然而,如图所示,在我们享受城市便利的同时,我们也不得不承受城市化带来的很多问题。环境污染是其中最严重的问题。

  首先,城市人口爆炸破坏了我们的自然环境。日益增长的城市人口以堆积如山的家庭垃圾破坏了生态系统。一个恰当的例子就是倾倒在郊区的垃圾山。即使人们填埋或焚烧垃圾,也能导致土壤或空气污染。此外,成百上千吨工业废水日夜污染者城市河流。人们享受在河中游泳,岸上垂钓的日子一去不返。有时更糟的是,化工厂未经处理的废水直接毒害了城市供水。饮用水已成为稀缺资源,人们不得不饮用多少污染的水源。后果之一就是很多新型疾病的蔓延以及越来越多的癌症患者。

  因此,我们继续采取严厉措施。一方面,我们应该呼吁政府制定严格的法律来控制城市化。另一方面,我们应该提高人们的意识:可持续发展对我们至关重要。

  亮点词汇

  be considered as被认为是

  course过程

  migration迁移

  urbanization都市化

  symbol象征

  civilization文明

  nevertheless然而

  cartoon漫画

  convenience便利

  urban都市的

  suffer遭受

  environmental环境的

  pollution污染

  to begin with首先

  explosion爆炸

  population人口

  cause harm造成破坏

  natural environment自然环境

  growing日益增长的

  damage破坏

  ecosystem生态系统

  a huge amount of大量的

  household家庭

  rubbish垃圾

  dump倾倒

  outskirt郊区

  a case in point一个恰当的例子

  even if即使

  bury掩埋

  burn燃烧

  waste垃圾

  soil土壤

  hundreds of成百上千的

  waste water废水

  factory工厂

  contaminate污染

  day and night日以继夜

  gone are the days一去不返

  bank河岸

  worse still更糟的是

  untreated未经处理的

  sewage废水

  pour倾倒

  chemical化工的

  poison毒害

  directly直接

  supply供应

  drinkable可饮用的

  rare稀缺的

  take in吸收

  somewhat多少

  polluted污染的

  emergence蔓延

  disease疾病

  cancer癌症

  case病例

  accordingly因此

  imperative急切的

  take measures采取措施

  drastic严厉的

  appeal to呼吁

  authority政府

  make strict laws制定严格的法律

  control控制

  enhance the awareness提高意识

  sustainable可持续的

  extremely非常

  vital重要的

  点评

  除考研写作曾于1991年考察“Where to Live——in the City or the Country”(住在哪里——住在城里还是乡下)这一城市化话题之外,国内其他写作考试也曾多次考察,如1998年专业八级写作真题“One Major Problem in the Process of Urbanization”(城市化进程中的一个主要问题)等。

  佳句拓展

  1、Unfortunately, however, on balance it would seem that human activity has caused more harm than good to the Earth and its inhabitants, both human and animal.

  但令人遗憾的是,总的来看,人类活动给地球以及地球上居住的生物(包括人类和动物)带来的危害要大于好处。

  2、Sadly, one is led to the conclusion that human activity has caused more harm to the Earth than making the Earth a better place to live.

  可悲的是,由此人们只能得出一个结论,即人类活动更多的是在破坏地球,而不是在改善地球的居住环境。

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